The term mutualism refers to a relationship in biology or sociology that is mutually beneficial to two living things. This relationship can be within the species, between living things from two different species, between individuals in a society and between two societies. Each participant in the mutualistic relationship is called a symbiont. Oxpeckers and zebras or rhinos - in this relationship, the oxpecker a bird lives on the zebra or rhino, sustaining itself by eating all of the bugs and parasites on the animal.
Another example of mutualism in the desert is the relationship between the yucca plant and the yucca moth. The plant provides food and a safe haven for the moth's larvae. Temperatures are so extreme during the day because there is very little moisture in the atmosphere to block out the suns rays. What is an example of mutualism in the ocean. The relationship between the desert mistletoe and the phainopepla is mutualistic because it helps both organisms survive. In exchange, the moth pollinates the plant.
Mutualism is a symbiotic relationship between two different species, in which both species benefit. This means that the suns energy is absorbed on the ground surface. In what may seem unusual, the antbirds are seen following the colony of army ants. In the rainforest biome, army ants and antbirds share a peculiar relationship.