The decrees of the council of trent are confirmed by both the second vatican council 1962-1965 and the official catechism of the catholic church 1992. It was held in the italian city of trent. It is considered one of the most important councils in the history of the roman catholic church, establishing church doctrine in response to the reformation and condemning protestantism. In response to this, the roman catholic church convened the council of trent in november of 1544 in an attempt to counter the doctrines raised and supported by the reformers.
Learn more about the use of councils in christianity. The council of trent was the formal roman catholic reply to the doctrinal challenges of the protestant reformation. It is considered the beginning of the counter-reformation period. Why was the council of trent convened. It clearly specified catholic doctrine on salvation, the sacraments, and the biblical canon, answering all protestant disputes.
Protestants endorse justification by faith alone sola fide apart from anything including good works, a position the catholic church condemned as heresy. What emerged from the council of trent was a chastened but consolidated church and papacy, the roman catholicism of modern history. The council of trent was the 19th ecumenical council of the roman catholic church. It served to define catholic doctrine and made sweeping decrees on self-reform, helping to revitalize the roman catholic church in the face of protestant expansion. The council was a response to the growing need for reform in the catholic church, which has taken them in response to the reformation.